Die Sklavenaufstände im Römischen Reich waren eine Reihe von Revolten am Ende der Römischen Republik. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Vorgeschichten; 2 Sklavengruppe; 3 Erster Sklavenkrieg; 4 Zweiter Sklavenkrieg; 5 Dritter Sklavenkrieg (Spartacus-Aufstand); 6 Siehe Chr. Der Thraker Spartacus entfloh mit 78 anderen Gladiatoren aus einer. Die Sklavenaufstände im Römischen Reich waren eine Reihe von Revolten am Ende der Römischen Republik. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Vorgeschichten; 2 Sklavengruppe; 3 Erster Sklavenkrieg; 4 Zweiter Sklavenkrieg; 5 Dritter Sklavenkrieg (Spartacus-Aufstand); 6 Siehe Chr. Der Thraker Spartacus entfloh mit 78 anderen Gladiatoren aus einer. Spartacus, dt. Spartakus, († 71 v. Chr. in Lukanien) war ein römischer Sklave und Gladiator thrakischer Herkunft. Historische Bedeutung erlangte er als Anführer.
His exact beginnings are up for debate: Plutarch states that he was of a nomadic tribe, while writer Florus claims he was a mercenary.
However, what Plutarch, Florus, and only a half a handful of other relatively reliable classical sources agree on is that Spartacus somehow left Thrace and became part of the Roman army.
Whether he was taken captive into their service or offered himself as a willing volunteer, Spartacus served in the legions for an undetermined period until some twist of fate landed him as a prisoner in Capua, where he attended the gladiatorial training school.
It is important to understand that the life of a gladiator was not as remarkable and glamourous as movies would like us to believe.
It was not an honor to be a gladiator: The training school was rigorous and discipline there was brutal; it was not a place ever willingly attended.
Gladiatorial sport was one of the most common and exciting sporting events of ancient Rome; exciting only for those watching the event.
The ancient Romans got a thrill from watching criminals meet their demise in real-time. Like our modern day quarterback and starting point guard superstars, there were many specific gladiators people would routinely cheer for, creating their own ancient form of "fan clubs".
Detail of mosaic depicting gladiators, Villa Borghese Wikimedia. However, though some gladiators enjoyed their temporary fame, that is all it was—temporary.
They were trained in various forms of combat and were pitted against vicious animals, as half the entertainment was seeing how long it took before the gladiator was simply ripped to shreds.
It was expected that the gladiators would die and, in some cases the games were rigged to ensure it, when certain men didn't fall. Gladiators lived the worst and roughest lives, and only some of them truly deserved such a punishment.
How Spartacus came to become one of them is one of the many mysteries of his life up for debate. Spartacus survived the gladiatorial lifestyle for an unknown period of time.
Eventually because of the severe training routines, the insult of his demotion from Roman soldier, and the unfairness of being forced to fend for his life in an animalistic fashion, Spartacus rallied the gladiators to escape the Capua School in 73 BCE.
Using predominately kitchen supplies to fight their way out, Spartacus and seventy fellow gladiators pillaged Capua on their way out of the city and fled to Mount Vesuvius to set up a defensive position.
Murmillo gladiator helmet, the type Spartacus would have worn in arenas. It is based on his strategic moves that scholars are relatively certain Spartacus had some sort of formal military training.
His maneuver to Vesuvius, and the looting of the city Capua, reveals that Spartacus was not merely a slave with a whim. The irony lies in that he had been trained in these maneuvers by the very men he was fleeing: Following military example, Spartacus and his fellow slaves created their own form of hierarchy, splitting their group into two factions—one under himself, and the other under a Celt called Crixus, or "the one with the curly hair", his identifying feature in the classical texts.
Though it is uncertain particularly why power was split, it was a clever idea to create a hierarchal regulation of power ensuring every man in Spartacus' and Crixus' armies were of equal status.
Without such a regulation, the risk of an internal power struggle would have been threatening. The Romans themselves were unable to stop Spartacus and his men from escaping to Vesuvius.
Luck was on the gladiators' sides during the rebellion as many Roman legions were missing in action due to a revolt in Hispania and the Third Mithridatic War in Pontus, the final and longest of the three wars against Mithridates VI of Pontus in Armenia.
However, we can once again cannot overlook Spartacus' military skills as, in the past, the previous two servile uprisings were dealt with as simple policing matters, not war crimes.
Spartacus' attempt, however, necessitated the involvement of the remaining Roman legions. While Crixus was defeated, Spartacus took no time in eliminating the Roman generals and their armies.
Although Spartacus and his men were lucky that so many Roman forces were absent in the Republic at the time, Spartacus had made such waves throughout Italy that the Senate was forced to send whichever armies were left after him.
Lincinius Crassus, future one-third of the First Triumvirate of Rome, volunteered his services. Coming next in Part 2: Spartacus — The Last Stand.
Accessed October 31, Translated by Horace White. Fall of the Roman Republic. Translated by Patrick McGushin Oxford: Oxford University Press, One of my favorite movies and now I'm reading about the real person.
Thrace is current Bulgaria, the valley of thracian kings is in the very center of the country. The TV series also did not involve Italians. Register to become part of our active community, get updates, receive a monthly newsletter, and enjoy the benefits and rewards of our member point system OR just post your comment below as a Guest.
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We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. Skip to main content. C Source Who Was Spartacus? With about 70 fellow gladiators he escaped a gladiatorial training school at Capua in 73 and took refuge on Mount Vesuvius , where other runaway slaves joined the band.
After defeating two Roman forces in succession, the rebels overran most of southern Italy. Ultimately their numbers grew to at least 90, Spartacus defeated the two consuls for the year 72 and fought his way northward toward the Alps , hoping to be able to disperse his soldiers to their homelands once they were outside Italy.
When his men refused to leave Italy, he returned to Lucania and sought to cross his forces over to Sicily but was thwarted by the new Roman commander sent against him, Marcus Licinius Crassus.
The Gauls and Germans were defeated first, and Spartacus himself ultimately fell fighting in pitched battle. Spartacus was apparently both competent and humane, although the revolt he led inspired terror throughout Italy.
Although his uprising was not an attempt at social revolution , his name has frequently been invoked by revolutionaries such as Adam Weishaupt in the late 18th century and Karl Liebknecht , Rosa Luxemburg , and the other members of the German Spartacus League of — We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article.
Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Read More on This Topic. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: At this point 71 Pompey returned from Spain with his army, crucified the remnants of the slave army, and….
The Spartacus rebellion was brutally repressed the roads leading into Rome were lined with gibbets from which rebel corpses hung.
Slaves led the Khlopko and Bolotnikov uprisings in Muscovy in and , respectively, a time of dynastic crisis.
Spartacus , the slave leader, began his revolt at Capua in 73 bc. Although it suffered during the Roman civil wars in the last decades of the republic, it prospered under the empire after 27 bc.
Gladiator spartacus -Crixus gefällt es nicht, vor den Schlachten davon zu rennen und hat häufiger Auseinandersetzungen mit Spartacus. Aram Khatchaturian schrieb ein Ballett über ihn. Eine aussichtslose Situation, wie es scheint. Ein Gedanke, der ihm schon oft gekommen ist, lässt ihm keine Ruhe: Der Spartakus-Aufstand und die sowjetische Geschichtsschreibung. Sagen Sie Ihre Meinung zu diesem Artikel. Ernst zu nehmender Gegner: Erst wenn er das Kommando Agite! Mit der Hoffnung auf einen erneuten Sieg werfen sich die Aufständischen in den Kampf. Reist mit uns ins antike Rom! Spartacus und die Gladiatoren — kein Thema der römischen Antike wurde Beste Spielothek in Hornbach finden den letzten Jahren mittels effektvoller Spielfilme so bis zur Unkenntlichkeit verzerrt. Eines nachts überfällt Beste Spielothek in Neuhaus am Rennsteig finden die nichtsahnenden Belagerer und schlägt sie in die Kingdoms gameplay. Am Beste Spielothek in Üllekoven finden aber nützt ihm alle Tapferkeit nichts: Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Die Römer nehmen Spartacus und seine Anhänger zunächst nicht ernst. DeKnight im Juni angegeben, handelte es sich um die finale Staffel. Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung der Gladiatoren, vom Helm bis zum Beinschutz, waren exakt genormt. Platinum play casino no deposit codes dies geschieht, greift Tiberius Spartacus mit ein paar Mann an, der den Angriff aber mit Beste Spielothek in Spechserholz finden von Piraten abwehren kann.
Follows Leonardo Da Vinci during his early days in Florence, as a young artist, inventor and dreamer, trying to change the future.
By day, mild-mannered Dexter is a blood-spatter analyst for the Miami police. But at night, he is a serial killer who only targets other murderers.
In the 15th century, Pope Alexander VI tries to control all power in Italy with the help of his several sons, through murder, intrigue, war and marriage alliances.
Nine noble families fight for control over the mythical lands of Westeros, while an ancient enemy returns after being dormant for thousands of years.
The inspiration behind this series is the Thracian Gladiator Spartacus, who led a slave uprising against the Roman Republic.
The Thracians had been persuaded by Claudius Glaber to serve as auxiliaries in the Roman legions in a campaign against the Getae, who had often plundered Thracian lands.
However after Glaber reneges on the deal and switches his attentions from the Getae to attack Mithridates in Asia Minor, the Thracians feel betrayed and mutiny.
Captured by Glaber, Spartacus is condemned to death as a Gladiator, whilst his wife Sura is condemned to slavery. Spartacus, however, proves to be a formidable gladiator, and defeats the four gladiators tasked with executing him.
He becomes a favorite of the crowd, leading Senator Albinius to commute his death sentence to a life of slavery.
Spartacus is purchased by Batiatus for gladiator training, who promises to help him find Sura if he proves himself in training.
As the series develops, the story follows the betrayals and machinations I've been looking very forward to the Starz original series "Spartacus: They tell you right in the front of this show that this is meant to be an intense depiction of Rome.
And it is to a certain point. There is definitely a ton of blood, language, and sexuality one of the female characters is fully naked , but it is all there for a reason and it defines the characters, shows you who they are.
Many won't like this the same way they didn't like And I can say that no one will be able to watch this without thinking about , and that's the biggest flaw.
It has a speed up slow motion and blood flowing everywhere. It is one of the most graphic TV shows I've ever seen. But it's not only a story full of blood and gore and sex and nudity; it also has a lot of character to it and a lot of substance.
Andy Whitfield is brilliant as "Spartacus. His acting is perfect. The battle scenes in this show are outstanding. Again, very bloody, style battles, but still entertaining.
The gladiator fights are well shot and very gritty. I know it's television and the visuals aren't always the best, best the visuals in this show are gorgeous.
There was one moment where it looked like a video game, but only for a second. So if you like sword and sandal epics and you don't mind gore and nudity, Spartacus: Blood and Sand is the show for you.
I personally thought it was a fun, kick ass, macho show, and while it does have a little too much sex and reminds me a lot about , it'll definitely keep my attention for the next episode.
Blood and Sand airs on Friday at 10 o' clock on Starz. Visit Prime Video to explore more titles. Find showtimes, watch trailers, browse photos, track your Watchlist and rate your favorite movies and TV shows on your phone or tablet!
Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Spartacus defeated the two consuls for the year 72 and fought his way northward toward the Alps , hoping to be able to disperse his soldiers to their homelands once they were outside Italy.
When his men refused to leave Italy, he returned to Lucania and sought to cross his forces over to Sicily but was thwarted by the new Roman commander sent against him, Marcus Licinius Crassus.
The Gauls and Germans were defeated first, and Spartacus himself ultimately fell fighting in pitched battle.
Spartacus was apparently both competent and humane, although the revolt he led inspired terror throughout Italy. Although his uprising was not an attempt at social revolution , his name has frequently been invoked by revolutionaries such as Adam Weishaupt in the late 18th century and Karl Liebknecht , Rosa Luxemburg , and the other members of the German Spartacus League of — We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.
Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.
Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Read More on This Topic. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Crassus inherited the remnants of the legions of Publius Varinius that had fled the battlefield in their earlier disastrous engagement with the gladiators, in addition to several newly raised legions.
Crassus ordered his lieutenant Mummius to lead two of the new legions in a circle behind the slave rabble, but, as Plutarch notes, not to join battle nor even skirmish with them.
Unfortunately for Crassus, Mummius unwisely attacked the gladiators from the rear, obviously thinking that he would have the advantage of surprise.
In the ensuing melee, many of the legionaries were slain, and hundreds of others broke rank and fled. Crassus was livid with anger. Lots were drawn in each group, with one unlucky soldier chosen for execution.
The entire army was forced to witness the deaths of their comrades as warning to any others who considered disobedience. With discipline re-established, the new general proceeded to retrain and rearm his troops.
Each soldier became proficient in the use of the short-bladed gladius , ideal for either thrusting or slashing. In addition, the Roman levies were drilled in the use of the pilum , an iron-headed spear whose metal neck, extending to a wooden shaft, would snap downward after hitting an object to prevent its being thrown back by an enemy.
The legions were also divided into regiments, called cohorts, of men each and were instructed how to maneuver on the field of battle. A complete legion stood ready for action with roughly 5, men.
With eight new legions under his command, Crassus pursued Spartacus the length of Italy, getting the best of him in a running battle in the Lucania region in the south.
Stung, the gladiator army limped through Bruttium on the toe of the Italian peninsula, finally reaching the coastal city of Rhegium across the Strait of Messina from Sicily.
Spartacus managed to contact Sicilian pirates, paying them handsomely from gold and treasure looted from countless estates to ferry thousands of his men to Sicily, where he hoped to rekindle the slave rebellion that had erupted there barely a generation earlier.
The pirates, however, deceived the rebels. They accepted the payment but failed to take their fleet to the approved rendezvous.
For the moment, the gladiator army was literally left high and dry on the Bruttium peninsula. Crassus, in the meantime, realized he had the slaves trapped.
Rather than face the cornered gladiators in a pitched battle, he ordered his legions to construct a wall completely across the peninsula to hem in the enemy and starve them into submission.
The legionaries excavated a ditch 15 feet deep and wide across the mile distance, then fashioned a wood and stone wall along one edge of the ditch.
Spartacus, for a time, ignored the Roman wall. He desperately searched for some other means to transport his army but could not devise one.
With winter setting in and supplies running low, he determined his only recourse was to smash through the barricade across the peninsula.
The Thracian waited for a snowy night and a wintery storm, noted Plutarch, when he filled up a small portion of the ditch with earth and timber and the boughs of trees, and battered his way through.
With the freed gladiators once more tramping toward Lucania, Rome panicked. The senate authorized the return of Pompey from Spain and Lucullus from his recent wars with Mithridates to bolster the legions of Crassus.
Fearing the glory of subduing the gladiators would be won by those political rivals, Crassus redoubled his efforts. Fortunately for the Romans, the gladiators were once again weakened by internal squabbling.
Two more Gauls, Ganicus and Cestus, broke away from the main army to plunder area villages and estates.
Encamped at the Lucanian Lake, this splinter band was surprised by Crassus and his legions. With no retreat possible, the gladiators fought with the desperate fury of cornered men.
More than 12, rebels fell in the battle before Spartacus arrived to rescue the survivors. Pursued by the Romans, Spartacus led his army to the mountains of Petelia.
Suddenly Spartacus wheeled his force about and fell on the Romans. In the furious battle that followed, Scrophas was wounded, and his legionaries barely managed to drag him to safety.
The defeat became a rout, as Romans streamed away by the score. News reached the slaves that Pompey and Lucullus had been dispatched with their legions and were at that moment marching to put an end to the insurrection.
Spartacus advised his followers to continue their retreat through the Petelian heights, but many of his officers advocated heading south to Apulia to reach the seaport of Brundisium on the heel of the Italian peninsula.
There, it was hoped, they could capture merchant ships in a desperate escape attempt. With the legions of his political rivals rapidly approaching, Crassus was determined to bring Spartacus to a decisive battle.
His legions hounded the gladiators as they fled southward. Stragglers were rapidly picked off and executed. When word reached him that Lucullus had landed at Brundisium and was marching inland, Crassus knew he had the Thracian at his mercy.
Spartacus found himself trapped between the two armies, with the legions of Pompey still on their way.
Drawing his force up to face Crassus, the weaker of the two opponents. Spartacus commanded that his horse should be brought to him.
Drawing his sword, the slave leader stabbed the animal to show his men that there would be no further retreat—only victory or death.
Sweeping forward in a wave of humanity, the slaves sought to overwhelm the Romans by sheer numbers. Seeing Crassus through the confusion, Spartacus fought to reach the Roman general.
With weapons flying around him, the Thracian nearly reached his goal, slaying two centurions in individual combat before being surrounded by the enemy.
Ancient Roman sources agree that although he was severely wounded, he continued to wield his spear and shield until the Romans swarmed over him and a small contingent of bodyguards.
The Roman victory was complete. Almost the entire gladiator army was annihilated, its remnants scattering to the nearby hills.
Although Crassus was accorded the victory, his own decimated legions were unable to track down all the fugitives. That dubious honor was left to Pompey, who had recently arrived on the scene.
Rebel slaves were hunted without mercy throughout southern Italy, many of them fighting until they were cut down by the legions.
More than 6, captured slaves, according to Appian, were crucified along the whole road from Capua to Rome. The Spartacus rebellion was the last of the major slave insurrections that Rome would experience.